The services needed by consumer genomics companies
generally match up with those used in a genome-wide
association study (GWAS). This is independent of
the consumer product’s focus. Whether the
goal is to tell consumers about their ancestry or
what they should eat for breakfast, consumer genomics
companies ultimately provide the personalized and
curated results from a GWAS (or multiple GWASs) as
a service to their customers.
Clinical research is a broad area of science that
focuses on the development, production, and testing
of both diagnostics and therapeutics meant for
human use. DNA sequencing is used in a variety of
related fields such as gene therapy, antibody
non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), and liquid biopsy.
Plant genomes are typically the largest, most
and most likely to be polyploid when compared
to those of other organisms. The combination of
repetitive regions and large size makes plant
genomes complicated to analyze at both the
biochemical and bioinformatics level.
The field of metagenomics arguably represents the
area of study whose methods have been most
affected by the development of NGS technologies.
Broadly defined as the study of genetic material
recovered directly from environmental samples,
metagenomics makes great use of new sequencing
technologies that allow for the detection of small
amounts of genetic material while analyzing many
different samples in parallel.